What Is Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic lung disease involving the airways and bronchial tubes in the lungs. There is underlying inflammation and hyperactivity in the lungs, which makes breathing difficult. Certain stimuli, such as allergens, can cause this condition to flare up. This creates asthma symptoms such as chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing and more. These symptoms can sometimes be severe in patients, requiring hospitalization at times. Some patients have a diagnosis of severe asthma.

Severe Asthma

Severe asthma is found in patients who have a diagnosis of asthma and require medium or high-dose inhaled corticosteroids combined with longer-acting medications. Sometimes, with proper use of these medications a patient’s asthma is still uncontrollable, and this would be considered severe. Those with severe asthma experience symptoms almost daily. They often use daily oral steroids or inhaled medications to find some form of relief. This can affect a patient’s daily life and their quality of life, making it hard to perform everyday tasks with ease.

 

It is important for those with severe asthma to know their triggers, such as smoke or certain allergens, so that they can avoid contact and help ease symptoms. It is also extremely important to visit an allergist when dealing with asthma. An allergist can perform a pulmonary function test (PFT) or spirometry to test a patient’s lung function and can help with finding what triggers to avoid. An allergist will be able to help treat and maintain asthma, no matter the severity. If possible, an allergist can also recommend a biologic to help with severe asthma. A Biologic is an injection medication that can help improve asthma symptoms.

 

If you are worried about you or a loved one’s severe asthma, we recommend contacting an allergist at National Allergy & ENT. They will be able to diagnose and help treat any form of asthma. To schedule an appointment call (843) 797-8162, or schedule one online.