Clinical research is an important part of our healthcare system. It allows us to test and bring about the next generation of medications to market. Clinical trials help us understand medications and their effects, both short term and long term. Vaccine research is important when trying to understand the effects and benefits of a vaccine, for example the COVID-19 vaccine.

With Johnson & Johnson recently being given the green light for their COVID-19 vaccine, some people are skeptical of continuing COVID-19 vaccine research. However, this research is extremely important in fully understanding the vaccines. There is no doubt that vaccines that have been approved are safe. There are some questions that still need answering in regards to how the vaccines work. For example, “How long will the immunity from the vaccine last”, or questions assess the vaccine effectiveness in a real-world setting.

          The vaccines will continue to be studied using multiple methods.

Case-control studies: These studies involve two groups, those who have COVID-19 (cases) and those who do not (controls). This study looks to see if the cases were less likely to have received a COVID-19 vaccine or not. This will allow experts to see if the vaccine is working.

Cohort studies: This form of study follows people who have and have not received a COVID-19 vaccine. They are followed for several months to see if getting vaccinated protects them from getting the disease.

Screening method: This looks at vaccination coverage among a group of cases and compares this information with vaccination coverage among the overall population where the cases come from. This allows researchers to get an early estimate of whether a vaccine is working as expected.

For more information on the continuing efforts to understand the COVID-19 vaccine, please visit the CDC’s website.

Here at National Allergy & ENT, we are currently conducting a COVID-19 vaccine research trial. All trials are completely voluntary, and compensation for your time and travel is available. No insurance is necessary to participate. If you are interested in this study, please reach out at (843) 261-2222 or sign up for a study.