Asthma Doctor  | What Is the Thyroid and What Does It Do?


Asthma Doctor | You have probably heard your allergy and ENT doctor talk about the thyroid but do you know where it is in the body? How about what it does? Your thyroid is an important part of the body but most Americans have no clue what it does for the body. Find out what the thyroid is and how it helps your overall health below:

What Is The Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small organ that is located at the base of the neck. It is shaped like a butterfly and is an essential part of regulating your body. It is about 2 inches long and sits in front of your windpipe. Extrathyroid cartilage is sometimes referred to as Adam’s apple in some patients. The two sides of the thyroid are usually connected by a piece of tissue called the isthmus but in some cases, patients may not have that connective tissue.

What Does A Thyroid Do?

The main function of the thyroid is to release hormones into the body to do normal everyday functions. These include helping to regulate your breathing, heart rate, body weight, body temperature, and menstrual cycles. The thyroid also helps keep cholesterol levels steady as well as support muscles and the central and peripheral nervous systems.

The thyroid uses iodine from foods to make two main hormones: Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). These hormones are extremely important to proper body function as they reach most cells in the body. Having too much or too little of these two hormones can upset the body and create other issues.

Allergy and ENT doctors at National Allergy and ENT work with patients every day who are experiencing thyroid related symptoms. Testing your thyroid may be something that your allergy and ENT doctor wants to do to help rule out any thyroid issues. Knowing what the thyroid is and how it works is important as a patient.