Asthma is a chronic disease in which the airways in the lungs, also known as bronchial tubes, are inflamed. This causes issues in allowing air to flow in and out of the lungs. This causes symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing, chest tightness, and/or wheezing. This is especially true when something, such as exercise or an allergy, triggers a reaction and causes the bronchial tubes to swell and tighten.

For many asthma sufferers, the timing of their symptoms is closely related to physical activity. It is possible for healthy people to develop asthma symptoms only when exercising, and this is called exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), or exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Staying active is an important way to stay healthy, so asthma shouldn’t stop anyone from being active. An allergist can develop a management plan to keep your symptoms under control before, during and after physical activity.

People with a family history of allergies or asthma are more prone to developing asthma. Many people with asthma also have allergies,which is called allergic asthma. Another form of asthma is Occupational asthma, which is caused by inhaling fumes, gases, dust or other potentially harmful substances while on the job.

There is no cure for asthma, however it can be diagnosed and treated. To diagnose asthma, an allergist may perform a breathing test to measure how well the lungs are working. These tests include spirometry and an exhaled nitric oxide test. Spirometry is used to measure the amount of air the lungs can hold, and at what speed is the air inhaled or exhaled. A nitric oxide test is used to determine how much lung inflammation is present.

Asthma may not have a cure, but an allergist, such as our allergists here at National Allergy & ENT, can assist in creating a treatment plan to help manage asthma symptoms. To schedule an appointment, call us at (843) 797-8162, or click here.