Allergy and Asthma

The AAAAI has created a reference guide of medications that are commonly used to treat allergies and asthma. All are prescription medications unless otherwise noted. This guide includes:

  • The FDA approved the use of the medication

  • The FDA approved dosing for the medication

  • Generic and brand names

  • Links to product website for further information about the medication

Allergy Medications

  • Antihistamines: These medications are commonly used to treat allergies such as allergic rhinitis or sometimes urticaria (hives).

  • Montelukast: These medications are used for relief of allergic rhinitis symptoms.

  • Nasal Sprays: This table includes the various nasal sprays approved to treat allergic rhinitis and/or non-allergic rhinitis.

  • Eye Drops: This table lists the medications available to treat allergic conjunctivitis (allergic eye).

  • Allergic Emergency Medications: These are the medications used to treat anaphylaxis.

  • Topical Ointments & Creams: Here are the topical medications used to treat conditions such as atopic dermatitis and eczema.

  • Immunomodulators: These medications modify the immune system as it pertains to hereditary angioedema.

  • Oral Corticosteroids: These medications are sometimes used to treat severe allergies and can also be used as a rescue medication for asthma.

  • Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT) Allergy Tablets: Allergy tablets are another form of allergy immunotherapy therapy and involves administering the allergens under the tongue generally on a daily basis.

Asthma Medications

The AAAAI follows the National Institutes of Health publication “Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3)” to list the medications.

Long-term control medications: Prevent symptoms and are taken daily

Quick-relief medications: Take only as needed for symptom relief